Essays exploring the philosophical attempts to prove or disprove God’s existence.
Traditional natural theology sets as it's goal to prove that God's existence is more likely than the alternative. But this leaves the opposite position as a rational possibility. In this essay I take a different approach and present an argument for the certainty of God's existence based on the characteristics of epistemology. I attempt to put teeth the the claim of presuppositionalism that "The proof God exists is that without God you can't prove anything."
Often it is claimed that atheism is a simpler explanation of reality, and that the application of Ockham's razor requires the conclusion God does not exist. This use of the simplicity argument is not as simple as it sounds.
Although the fact something exists does not demand that God exist, it is often thought that the existence of personal beings does suggest a personal beginning to the universe. We examine this more subtle argument for God's existence.
Examines the reality of epistemological ambiguity regarding God's existence and ultimate explanations, and suggests a theodicy for why this perplexing situation might be the case, without counting against God's existence.
The Bible says "The fool has said in his heart there is no God." Paul said to the Romans "...what may be known about God is plain...so that men are without excuse." But many today would claim it is not obvious God exists. Is it possible the current state of metaphysical ambiguity can be understood in a way that is consistent with Scriptural claims about this?
We examine the claim of Charles Finney that the existence of God is a first truth of Reason. This kind of transcendental argument does have some strength in the areas of logic, existence of the external world, and morality. Can it carry the full metaphysical weight of ultimate explanation, and the existence of God?
If God exists, why is this not clearer? Examines arguments seeking to explain why the element of mystery might be involved in God's plan for this world.
Examines the frequent claim that the burden of proof is on theism, not atheism, in the debate regarding the existence of God.
In Thomas Aquinas "5 ways" he spoke of the causal argument for God's existence. Thomas had a bit different idea than what I present here, but this is an attempt to assess the value of this metaphysical argument for God's existence.
Examines the problem of natural evil.